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Contents Quick Reference Page Layout Children's Book Family History School Yearbook Poetry Art Book Novel Self-Help Getting Started Editing Choosing a Book Size Choosing a Binding Style Software Image Formats Scanning Book Structure Front Matter Copyright Page Acknowledgments Dedication Table of Contents Foreword / Prologue Core Matter Margins and Bleeds Page Numbering Headers and Footers Font Sizes Font Choices Back Matter Index Registration ISBN Copyright LCCN Cover Design Make Your Own Book Cover Barcode BISAC Codes Cover Coatings Submitting a Book Submitting Files Marketing Creating a Strategy Promotional Ideas Things to Consider Miscellaneous Glossary Papers Yearbook Templates
Miscellaneous
Glossary

Acknowledgement
A page in the front matter of the book. Acknowledging those who in some way contributed to the creation of the book. Read more about the formatting and purpose of an Acknowledgments Page.
Afterword
The same as the Preface, but in the back matter of the book.
Appendix
A supplement to correct errors, or explain inconsistencies.
Back Matter
The section at the end of the book after the main body of the text.
Bibliography
Cites other works used when writing the book.
BISAC Code
This is a list of categories which would best describe your book. For more information, see the BISAC Code page.
Book Block
The bound pages of a book. Usually referring to hardcover books before the cover is applied.
C1S
Coated One Side. Describing a cover material consisting of a gloss coating on one side of the sheet only.
Case
The cover of a hardcover book.
CMYK
Refers to the four inks mixed to create different color variations (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Key (black).
Colophon
Technical information printed on the copyright page. Contains edition dates, publisher’s name and address, printer’s name and address, typefaces, publisher’s logo. Can also be placed on the last page of the book.
Contents
One or more pages in the front matter of the book. It is a listing of chapters along with their respective page numbers. Should show the Foreword, Preface, Acknowledgments, Introduction, and Prologue (if included), along with the body of the text and back matter. For more information, see our Table of Contents page.
Cover Board
The cover board used in the production of hardcover books. The thickness of the cover board is ⅛” (or 100pt.).
Dedication
A page in the front matter of the book. The page which lists the name or names of the people the book is dedicated to.
DOC
Microsoft Word file extension.
DPI
Dots per inch. Used to determine the resolution of an image.
Dust Jacket
A protective sheet which wraps around a hardcover book. The dust jacket is normally printed in full color with a one-side laminate coating for durability. Dust jackets are not fastened to the book, and are easily removed.
Endpapers / Endsheets
These are the very first and last pages in a hardcover book. The endpapers are fastened to the inside front and back covers, concealing the turn-ins and reinforcing material. The free half of the endpaper is referred to as the flyleaf. While most books contain unprinted endpapers, children’s books and art books often include full color printed endpapers. In books such as family histories, the endpapers provide a large area to print maps, large images, or genealogical charts.
Engraving
A metal die (usually magnesium) which is heated to apply a foil impression on a book cover.
Epigraph
Part of the front matter of a book. A page containing a poem, phrase, or quotation.
Foil-Embossing / Foil Stamping
While foil-embossing is an actual process, the term is often misused to refer to foil stamping. In foil-stamping, a heat sensitive foil (usually in metallic gold or silver) is pressed into a book cover with a metal die using a combination of heat and pressure. The image of the die is then permanently transferred onto the book cover. This is the method used to apply the book title or line art images to the cover of a hardcover book.
Footer
A section at the bottom of the page which can contain text (but not footnotes). Page numbers are usually found in the footer section of the page.
Foreword
A page in the front matter of the book. The Foreword is written by someone other than the author, and will tell of the interactions between the writer of the Foreword and the author, or the story itself.
Front Matter
The section at the beginning of the book before the main body of the text.
Frontispiece
A decorative illustration or portrait of the author. Usually placed on the page facing the title page (the verso of the half title page).
Full Bleed
The printing of images or background colors to the very edge of the page. More information is available on our Margins and Bleeds page.
Glossary
Provides the definition of words used in the book. The glossary is found in the back matter of the book.
Gutter
An area along the binding edge of a page. A recommended gutter area is usually 0.2”. The addition of a gutter helps prevent the page from looking as though it is shifted towards the binding edge in a bound book.
Half Title
A page in the front matter of the book. The page preceding the title page. This page contains only the title of the book.
Headbands
(also referred to as headbands and tailbands) A decorative woven material which is applied to the top and bottom binding edge of a hardcover book. Usually books in excess of ⅜” in thickness will include the decorative headbands.
Header
A section separated from the body of the text found at the top of the page. Information usually found in the header is the title of the book (on the verso, or left hand pages), and the title of the chapter (on the recto, or right hand pages).
Index
A list of terms used in the book along with corresponding page numbers. Read more on our Index page.
Introduction
A page in the front matter of the book. States the overall purpose for the book.
ISBN Number
An identification number containing publisher information. For more information, see the ISBN page.
JPEG
Is the most common digital image format used mainly due to its smaller file size. The reduction in the file size is due to the type of compression which discards information, thus making the file smaller (lossy file format). For more information, see the Image Formats page.
LOCCN
A number issued by the Library of Congress which has cataloging information helpful to libraries and bookstores. For more information, see our LOCCN page.
Lossy File and Lossless File Formats
Complete information is available on the Understanding Image Formats page.
Marking
A line of text showing in which country the book is printed. The marking information is usually found on the copyright page of the book. This information should be the same size as the largest text on the page.
Milling
The act of roughing the pages on the binding edge of the book to allow for a more durable binding.
Mull
Is the material used to reinforce the binding in a hardcover book. The mull accounts for most of the strength in attaching the cover to the book block (bound pages). Also referred to as reinforcing material.
Notching
Used in perfect binding to increase the surface area of a page for a more durable binding.
Overlay
An image fastened to a foil-stamped hardcover book. Usually placed within a foil-stamped border.
Page
One side of a printed sheet of paper. A 100 page book would contain 50 sheets of paper printed on both sides.
Page Number
A number printed on a page which corresponds to the Table of Contents, and Index. The positioning of the page number is either in the header or footer area of the page.
Page Spread
Two pages containing an image which flows from one page to another.
Paper Grain
Paper has a grain direction which dictates the flexibility of the pages in a book. Books bound with paper which is against the grain (or cross grain) are difficult to open.
PDF
A file format used in printing. Files converted to the PDF format can be viewed on any computer without text and image reflowing. All print ready files should be saved in the PDF format.
Perfect Binding
A method of binding where pages are often milled and notched to better accept adhesive. Adhesive is then applied to the very edge of the pages, and the cover of the book is then applied. This term is most often used to refer to a paperback book, but hardcover books can be bound using perfect binding as well.
PNG
A digital image format which is designed for use online, but not in print. It does not support the CMYK color space (only RGB).
PPI
Pages per inch. This is a measurement which helps book designers determine cover spine measurements.
Preface
A page in the front matter of the book. Tells of how the book came to be, or how the idea of the book took shape.
Prologue
Part of the front matter of the book. Establishes the story by providing background details.
Proof
An unbound page and cover proof which is trimmed to actual size. The proofs are printed on the same press as the finished books resulting in accurate color reproduction. These are also known as “press proofs”, or “galley proofs”.
PPT
Microsoft PowerPoint file extension.
PSD
Adobe PhotoShop file extension.
Recto / Verso
Recto is the right hand page in a bound book, while Verso is the left hand page.
RGB
Refers to the way in which red, green and blue light are combined to create various colors. RGB are display colors and may not always be reproduced in print.
Section Break
A section is a subdivision of a book; normally a chapter. The term often refers to a break in a digital file to allow for header information to be altered from one section to another. Also it is used to allow pagination to change from Roman Numerals to Arabic numbers.
Side Score
A crease pressed into the front cover of a perfect bound book (near the spine) to allow the cover to open on the crease.
TIFF
A digital image format which is compressed, but does not discard information in the file. This results in a larger file (lossless file format). You can read more about the TIFF format on our Understanding Image Formats page.
Title Page
A page in the front matter of the book. Contains the title of the book as well as the author’s name, but can also include a publisher’s logo and the country in which the book was printed.

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