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Core Matter
Page Numbering

Page Numbering covers the appearance, placement, and style of page numbers within a book. There are industry-standard rules regarding which pages should be numbered, as well as sizing and alignment.

Numeral Types

All front matter (including blank pages) should be numbered with Roman numerals (iv, xi) starting from “i” on the first page. The following pages are counted as front matter pages:

However, of the front matter pages, page numbers should only be visible on the following:

Core matter (the main body of the book) should be numbered with Arabic numerals (4, 11) starting from “1” on the first section or chapter page. Some publishers use Roman numerals for the front matter, and carry on the sequence in Arabic numbers (i, ii, iii, iv, v, 6, 7, 8 etc.), but this is not ideal. Roman numerals are used for the front matter of the book to allow additional pages to be added in the front matter without re-flowing the page numbers throughout the book. All pages, including blank pages, are included in the core matter numbering even if the page numbers are not visible on the page.

Number Placement

Page numbers can appear in one of two places throughout the book.

Page Numbers do not appear on blank pages or title pages, and numbering must always begin on the right (recto) side of a page spread. As a result, all odd numbered pages appear on the right and all even numbered pages appear on the left (verso).

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